PRESENTATION SKILLS


SESSION 9

Rehearsing

Source: engagingworkshop.com

This session is a collection of tips about how to deliver a professional presentation.
Should you have any doubts about your oral presentation, do not hesitate to contact your teacher. We're here to help you out.

IMPORTANT!!

Presenting your project

WHO, HOW & WHEN
Group Type of presentation
201
222
235
252
261
263
270
Teams will present in class during sessions 11 and 12

LENGTH OF ORAL PRESENTATION
10-12 minutes in total (3-5 minutes each member of the team).

BLOG LINK
Your blog must be finalised on the edublogs.org platform by 15 April 2022.

SCORING TOP POINTS
Do you need tips? Click to view my marking sheets for your blog and oral presentation.

NOTE: It will take some time to download and check that your videos work correctly, so you may need to wait up to 48 hours for confirmation.




STRUCTURE


Oral presentation rules
  • Presenting your project
Effective blog presentations
Quiz time
Effective blog presentations
INTRODUCTORY QUIZ

How much do you know about presentations already? Answer the following questions to show your level of expertise.

1. My opening sentence will be...


2. How much time would you devote to each part of your presentation?


3. My slides will contain...


4. To contrast text on a presentation slide for better viewing, I will use...


5. For better readability, the number of bullet points on a slide should be:


6. The font size of the bullet points on presentation materials should be large enough...


7. The purpose of your blog presentation is to...


8. When rehearsing a presentation, it is helpful to recognize and prevent...


9. Proper eye contact with the audience when delivering a presentation involves...


10. What do you need to take into account when rehearsing your presentation?


11. When delivering a team presentation it is important to...


12. When you have finished presenting your part...


13. The version of the blog I will use at the oral presentation is...


Credit: Northern Illinois University.

Check answers



IN-CLASS

Send your guesses to your teacher, using the dedicated iDoceo Connect platform.



PREVIOUS SESSIONS

1. Blog types


2. Writing about yourself


3. Anecdotes & storytelling


4. Blog series


5. Blog posts


6. Commenting


7. Fun content


8. Reviews


Presentations

Image credit: Uneveip

I. Communication skills

Preparation

  • Practice your speech beforehand in front of a mirror, with a recorder or in front of a friend.
  • Preparing a complete script and reading from it is unnecessary. You should train to make your own sentences out of your notes.
  • The PowerPoint slides should contain very few full sentences, if any.
  • Don't prepare fifteen slides for a five minute presentation! Except for quick examples or pictures, you will probably spend 1 to 3 minutes per slide.
  • Make your text legible! Using font 6 to squeeze in as much information as possible is counterproductive. Use more numerous slides, with less information, or simply condense your text if possible. Use charts, diagrams and pictures when appropriate.
  • Have a logical order: introduction, middle with your main points and a conclusion.
  • Practice reading clearly, confidently, concisely and not too fast.
  • The more you practice, the more fluid and confident you will get, and it will help reduce nerves!

Body language

  • Before you even begin, show your enthusiasm! Or at the very least, avoid showing negative emotions. A big sigh before starting cannot lead to great expectations.
  • Do not move too much! The audience has to be able to concentrate on what you are saying, not what you are doing.
  • Do not fidget (= play) with your pen, your jewelry or your hair.
  • Avoiding eye contact or trying to hide leads to communication failure.
  • Pointing at things as you refer to them might help.

Miscellaneous tips

  • You should not deliver an entire speech without pausing. Try to do so before moving to another point, and not right in the middle of a sentence.
  • If you are looking for a particular word in English, think of changing the structure. If you cannot, using a more generic word is better than being too creative with language.
  • Silence is not your friend. Think aloud if necessary. If you are writing something on the board, you should not remain silent for more than a few seconds. Explain what you are doing and its relevance.
  • Correct yourself if you make grammar mistakes. After all, this is an English exercise. However, communication is important and if you have a fluid flow, you will be forgiven more easily for minor mistakes.
  • Look at your audience! You will see if something seems to be unclear (or plainly wrong) and may have the opportunity for immediate explanation or correction.
  • Do not just read from your PowerPoint! Only the main points should be written down in a few words, then it is up to you to provide extra content.
  • Build a rapport with you audience. You may get them involved by asking or encouraging questions, and you may even use humour if appropriate.


READ AT HOME

Revise on your own and use these tips to prepare your presentation.

II. Slideshows

Good and bad slides.

a. Click on this image Slideshare logo to watch a very short and interesting presentation on good and bad slides.

b. Here are three bad PowerPoint slides. Indicate what is wrong with them and/or how you could make them better.



ONLINE

Section a: Do on your own at home.

Slide #1
Bad slide 1




Slide #2
Bad slide 2




Slide #3
Bad slide 3




True false

Are you an expert already?

Quiz #2

Taking into consideration all the information you have learnt, decide whether the following statements are True or False.

1. It's generally best to stand in one position for the whole presentation.


2. One thing you could do is move your body as much as you can.


3. Using gestures that have clear meanings works for me.


4. The most important thing to do is to carefully read the information off the Powerpoint slides.


5. Avoiding eye contact would probably work.


6. Pointing at things as you refer to them might help.


7. Preparing a script is worth a try.


8. Putting all the information on the Powerpoint slides is the best you can do.


9. Fifteen slides for a five minute presentation is acceptable.


10. Using a font size of 6-8 pixels is highly recommended.


Check answers


Practice

Bad presentation

The following video is a collection of embarrassing errors during a presentation. How many of them can you spot? Write your notes in the box below.




Check answers



IN-CLASS

Do this exercise on your own, and then discuss your answers with your nearest classmate.


III. How to use notes

Types of notes

Notes
  • Postcard-sized cards work well as a way to remind yourself of the key elements of your presentation. They should only include:
    • the outline of your presentation
    • keywords listed in a relevant order
    • a couple of useful phrases to help you articulate your presentation
  • Hint: number the cards. In the unlikely event that you drop them, you'll be glad you did.

How to use notes

You have to learn to use them so that they support your presentation rather than detract from it. When preparing notes you should:

  1. Never write in full sentences. Simply include key phrases or headlines in bullet form. The point of the notes is to jog your memory.
  2. Make sure your notes are easy to read, which means writing large enough and leaving lots of white space.
  3. Learn how to interact with the physical cards, slides or paper. Don't shuffle the cards, don't switch them from hand to hand, don't gesture with them, don't keep putting them in and pulling them out of a pocket.
  4. Remember it's OK to look at your notes... that's what you have them for! But do so in a deliberate manner; don't glance surreptitiously at them as if you're trying to make it seem that you're not consulting them. Break eye contact with the audience, glance at your notes and absorb the next point, then re-establish eye contact with the audience and deliver that section.
  5. Remember it’s NOT OK to just read from your notes. This is the trap with full sentences, and gives you a monotonous tone, no interaction, and most probably a bad mark even if your English is more or less correct.
  6. Practice, practice, practice until you can use your notes smoothly and seamlessly.

Adapted from: http://andnowpresenting.typepad.com/professionally_speaking/2009/05/presentation-tip-use-notes.html


Hat filled with names TEACHER'S ADVICE

You should NOT write down everything. Even the left card in the following picture contains too much information. After enough preparation, the right card should be sufficient and will enable a real oral, not just a reading exercise which may sound too monotonous.

Hat filled with names


READ AT HOME

Revise on your own and use these tips to prepare your presentation.

Hat filled with names
Image credit: Jennifer Roggemann


Speaking

Presentation practice game

Each student will think of a sentence, then they will write it down on a small piece of paper. The teacher will collect them all and put them inside a bag or box. Next, students will pick one out of the container and will have 5 minutes to prepare for a 1-minute presentation using all the techniques explained in class.

Sentences do not need to be true, and they can be imaginary, contradictory or impossible.

Have fun!


IV. Useful phrases

1. Greeting your audience, introducing yourself and giving the topic of your presentation

- Good morning. My name’s ............. and I’m going to talk about...
- Hello. I’m .............. and welcome to this presentation about...
- This afternoon I would like to talk to you about...
- This presentation focuses on...


2. Giving the outline of your presentation

- Firstly I’ll be looking at...
- Then/Secondly/Next I’ll move on to...
- Lastly/Eventually/Finally I’ll focus on...
- I have divided this presentation into 3 main parts...
- This presentation will last about ... minutes and I’ll be happy to answer any questions you may have


3. Introducing your group mates

- I now give the floor to...
- Let me now introduce..., who is going to talk about...


4. Introducing your first main point

- Now I’d like to focus on...
- First we’re going to look at...
- Let’s start with...
- Turning then to my first point, ...
- To begin with I’d like to say a few things about...
- I’d like to begin by...


5. Moving to another main point

- Now I’d like to turn to / move on to my next point, which is...
- Moving on, I’d like to take a look at...
- That brings me to...


6. Referring to your PowerPoint

- As you can see on this slide...
- As this slide shows...


7. Making conclusions and summarising your main points

- To conclude my presentation, ...
- In / As a conclusion, ...
- To summarise the main points of my presentation...
- After all is said and done I think we may conclude that...


8. Finishing your presentation

- OK we’re coming to the end of the presentation so I’d just like to thank you for listening...
- That brings us to the end of this presentation. Thank you for listening / for your attention.
- I hope you found it interesting.


9. Asking for questions

- Would anyone like to ask any questions?
- I’m ready to take any questions now...
- If anyone has questions I’ll be happy to answer them...



READ AT HOME

Revise on your own and use these tips to prepare your presentation.


Project progress check
When you arrive for the in-class prep session next time, you should bring the drafts of your presentation with you to class, along with a list of questions for your teacher. During session 10, put the finishing touches on your oral presentations and prepare your slides. The in-class prep session is also a good opportunity to ask your teacher pronunciation questions, since pronunciation is crucial in any oral presentation.

Before you deliver your presentation, you should also make sure that you have rehearsed it together. Remember that pronunciation and delivery will be very important and give each other advice and support.




WE ARE NEARLY DONE!!!


Address

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Nantes 44322 cedex 3